FECHA: 2023-2025


Wet and mesophytic grasslands: determination of conservation status, drafting of conservation measures and design of a monitoring system for habitats of community interest in Galicia

Project developed for the Xunta de Galicia, co-financed by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) at 75% under the Rural Development Programme 2014-2020.

The work consists of determining the conservation status, drafting conservation objectives and measures in each Special Area of Conservation and designing a monitoring system for wet and mesophytic grassland habitat types of Community interest in Galicia..

The objective is to respond to the requirements of the Habitats Directive (DC 92/43/EEC) which establishes that the European Natura 2000 network must ensure that habitat types of Community interest are maintained or, where necessary, re-established in a favourable state of conservation, by establishing the necessary conservation measures.

Likewise, the Master Plan for the Natura 2000 network in Galicia, as the Natural Resources Management Plan that regulates the Natura 2000 network, establishes as priority management objectives for these protected areas to improve and complete the inventory of wet and mesophytic grasslands, as well as the inventory of their characteristic species; define the current and favourable conservation status of these habitats and identify their main threat factors and establish and develop a protocol for monitoring their conservation status.

This work therefore aims to comply with these two basic regulations, the Habitats Directive and the Master Plan for the Natura 2000 network, as well as being the preliminary work for the design of specific management plans as part of the development of the Master Plan.

The project consists firstly of establishing the criteria and methodology for the identification of wet and mesophytic grassland habitat types.

Secondly, an assessment of the conservation status of the habitat types concerned in the Natura 2000 sites is carried out, followed by the definition of conservation measures and objectives for the habitat types in each Natura 2000 site with significant presence.

Finally, the criteria for monitoring the conservation status of wet and mesophytic grasslands habitat types, the selection of localities to be monitored and the proposal of associated monitoring protocols are defined.

The complete list of habitat types of Community interest in the project are:
  • 6160 Oro-Iberian Festuca indigesta grasslands
  • 6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands
  • 6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites)
  • 6220* Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea
  • 6230* Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe)
  • 6410 Molinia meadows on calcareous, peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils (Molinion caeruleae)
  • 6420 Mediterranean tall humid grasslands of the Molinio-Holoschoenion
  • 6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels
  • 6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis)
  • 6520 Mountain hay meadows